On 17th March 2021, Uber announced that their UK drivers will be paid holiday pay, guaranteed to earn at least the national minimum wage, and enrolled into a pension plan. This announcement comes after the Supreme Court, Britain’s highest court, ruled in February 2021 that Uber drivers must be treated as workers, not as self-employed.
The ruling means that as workers, Uber drivers are entitled to holiday pay, national minimum wage and pension benefits, all of which are not afforded to those who are self-employed.
The law surrounding employees, workers and those who are self-employed has long been an area of debate with a fine line between each and many cases within the Employment Tribunal, in turn providing further clarification of the interpretations of statutory definitions. A person’s employment status is important as the level of employment rights afforded to an employee is far greater than that afforded to a worker or someone who is self-employed.
In his judgement within the Supreme Court, Lord Leggatt announced that the Supreme Court dismissed Uber’s appeal that it was an intermediary party and that drivers were self-employed and stated that drivers who utilised the Uber app would also be working whilst logged onto the Uber app.
The court considered several elements in considering whether or not the drivers were self-employed or workers, including;
- That Uber set the contract terms;
- That Uber could penalise drivers who rejected too many rides;
- That there was a star rating afforded to drivers which was controlled by Uber and which could result in a termination of the relationship with the driver at Uber’s election and
- That Uber set the fare which would be charged and, thus, how much the drivers could earn.
The Supreme Court found that the drivers were not self-employed as they were subordinate to Uber and were constricted by Uber’s rules and practices. One of the key considerations between whether someone is a worker or self-employed is the amount of control over them.
The case against Uber has been ongoing since 2016 and is a prominent example of the need for businesses to be aware of the level of control which they exercise over those who carry our services for them. Where individuals are sufficiently controlled, they may be deemed as workers, which affords them certain protections and legal rights.
At O’Donnell Solicitors, we can advise both employers and employees on all aspects of employment law. If you would like to speak to a team member, contact Richard Dobson Mason on 01457 761 320 or e-mail email@example.com.